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陶瓷专业词汇英语对照表
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其他新闻 - 共享资源 - 陶瓷专业词汇英语对照表
陶瓷专业词汇英语对照表
共享资源 加入时间:2009-12-14 10:43:56 来源:  访问量:5283
 
1.陶瓷专业词汇
骨瓷: BONE CHINA         强化瓷: ULTRA-HARD CHINA
普瓷: FINE CHINA           象牙白瓷:IVORY CHINA
杯:CUP                            杯托:SAUCER;
碗:BOWL;                      盘/碟:PLATE/DISH;
圆盘:ROUND PLATE         椭圆盘:OVAL PLATE;
壶:POT;                         罐:SHAKER;       匙:SPOON
官瓷 mandarin porcelain     光瓷 lusterware 
黑色陶器 basalt                裂变瓷 crackled porcelain   
裂纹瓷 crazed china          米色陶器 creamware   
青瓷 celadon                     青花瓷 bule and white porcelain 
轻质瓷、轻瓷 light china    日用瓷 household china, table ware 
软瓷 soft porcelain           杀菌陶瓷 antiseptic pottery 
陶瓷类型 Types of Pottery     碧玉细炻器 jasper 
薄胎瓷 thin china               彩陶器,釉陶 faience 
陈设瓷,摆设瓷 display china     瓷 porcelain, china 
陶瓷 pottery          赤陶 terracotta, terracotta, red earthenware 
德化陶瓷 Te-hua porcelain, Dehua pottery 
高温陶瓷 refractory china       工业陶瓷 industrial ceramics 
工艺瓷,美术瓷,艺术瓷 art porcelain, art and craft china, art pottery, artistic china 
炻瓷 stoneware           素彩瓷 plain porcelain 
陶 earthenware   绳纹陶器 Jomon pottery    
施釉陶器 slipware   无釉陶、陶瓷素烧坯 biscuit, unglazed ware 
细瓷 fine china    硬瓷 hard porcelain    锡釉陶 majolica   
陶瓷原料 Ceramic Material      白云土 dolomite      长石   feldspar 
瓷泥   petunse, petuntse, petuntze    瓷漆     enamel paint, enamel 
封泥  lute    高岭土  kaolin, china clay    硅石,二氧化硅   silica, SiO2 
堇青石  cordierite    莫来石,红柱石   andalusite     泥果,坯体clay body 
泥釉   slip     石灰,生石灰,氧化钙   lime, calcium oxide, CaO   氧化锡  tin oxide 
釉  glaze    原材料  raw material    云母  mica    皂石,块滑石    steatite 
其它 Others    斑点 speck    半透明 translucence, translucency, translucent 
不渗透的 nonporous  不透明的 opaque    茶叶罐 caddy 
单色的 monochrome     镀金 gild     多色的 polychrome 
高白 high white, Gaobai    工艺品 artware
建白材料 construction/building material     景德镇 Jingdexhen, Ching-te-chen 
景泰蓝 cloisonné    绝缘子 insulator    考古学 archaeology 
可塑的 plastic    流变学 rheology    琉璃瓦 glazed tile    模型、模特 model 
模子 mould    耐热 heat-proof     配方 formula    盆栽 bonsai 
漆器 lacquer work    器皿 ware   
青铜器 bronze work     人类学 antropology 
渗透的 porous    手印,指印 finger mark     首饰盒 jewel case
丝网印刷 silk screen printing    四面体 tetrahedral
搪瓷,珐琅 enamel    陶瓷的 ceramic    陶瓷专家,陶瓷艺术家 ceramist
陶工 potter   瓦 tile    碗 bowl    卫生洁具 sanitary ware
温度 temperature    硬度 hardness   釉工 glazier
圆块,雕球,瘤 knob    砖 brick
爱比克泰德 Epicteus(活动于520-500 BC)古希腊陶工兼画家
何朝宗 He Chaozhong(1522-1620) Chinese ceramist in Ming Dynasty,中国明代陶瓷艺术家
韦奇伍德 Wedgwood(1730-1795)英国著名陶瓷工匠和制造商
希腊古瓮颂’Ode on a Crecian Urn’英国诗人济慈 Keats(1795-1821)的名诗,惊叹古希腊陶器彩绘之精美
赭色粘土陶器 terra sigillata    紫砂 purple granulated, purple sand, terra-cotta
凹雕 intaglio    标记 marking    玻璃化 vitrify     车削 turning
成型 forming    冲压,冲压花 repousse    瓷土加工 clay processing
雕刻 carving    浮雕 relief    隔焰窑 muffle    工艺技术 technology
硅氧键 silicon-oxygen bond    技艺 technique, craft
间断窑 intermittent kiln    浇铸 casting     拉毛 sgraffito
连续窑 continuous kiln    镂雕、镂空 piercing     辘轳车 jigger
泥釉彩饰法 trailing    碾磨 grinding    抛光 burnishing, polishing
破裂 chip    嵌入 inlay    切刻 incising    筛子 sieve     烧制 firing
陶瓷科技 ceramics    陶轮 potter’s wheel    贴花、嵌花 appliqué, decal
凸雕,底切,拉底,底部掏槽 undercut     细裂纹 craze
性能 property    压印 impressing    窑 kiln     印花 stamping
釉上彩 overglazed color figure     釉下彩 underglazed color figure
预加工 pre-processing     粘性,粘滞性 viscosity, stiffness
转模片 jiggered piece    转印 transfer print    装饰 décor, decoration
 
2. 色剂
浅黄                       primrose
米色                       beige
天蓝                       sky blue
草原色                    pampas
青绿                       turquoise
桃红                       peach
灰绿                       sage green
鳄梨色                    avocado
暗蓝                       twilight blue
黄玉                       topaz         
暗灰色                    grey
黄绿色                    chartreuse
翡翠绿                    emerald green
珊瑚色                    coral
秋黄                       autumn yellow
浓黄                       sienna gold
绿玉色                    jade green
芥末色                    mustard
紫红                       purplish red
棕色                       brown
深蓝                       cobalt blue
镉红                       cadmium red
乳黄                       cream
粉红                       pink
苹果绿                   apple green
豆青                       pea green
 
3.陶瓷机械与设备/原料机械与设备
原料仓                     raw material storage bay
料仓                       silo
储罐                       storage tank
破碎机                     crusher
颚式破碎机                 jaw crusher
单肘板颚式破碎机           single toggle jaw crusher
往复板式给料机             reciprocating plate feeder
电磁振动给料机             electromagnetic vibrating feeder
螺旋输送机                 screw conveyor
磁选机                     magnetic separator
转鼓磁选机                 magnetic drum
刀式破碎机                 knife crusher
冲击破碎机                 impact crusher
转盘式碎石机               gyradisc crusher
粘土切碎机                 clay shaving machine
干筛分级器                 dry screen classifier
振动筛                     vibrating screen
圆形振动筛                 circular vibrating sieve
三层斜坡振动筛             triple deck inclined vibrating screen
振动槽                     vibrating trough
斗式提升机                 bucket elevator
配料仓                     mixing tank
球磨机                     ball mill
湿式球磨机                 wet grinding ball mill
滚压机                     roller mill
锤碎机                     hammer mill
压滤机                     filter press
搅拌机                     agitator
中速搅拌机                 medium speed blunger
高速搅拌机                 high speed blunger
耙式搅拌机                 rake stirrer
螺旋搅拌机                 propeller blunger
双流高速搅拌机             duo flow high speed mixer
泥浆槽                     slurry tank
泥浆搅拌器                 stock ark agitator
 
 
4.成型机械与设备
 
立式浇注机                 battery casting machine
浇注台                     casting bench
修坯台                     fettling bench
干燥器                     dryer
室式干燥器                 chamber dryer
隧道式干燥器               tunnel dryer
喷釉橱                     spray booth
喷枪                       spray gun
线型施釉机                 in-line glazing machine
自动静电施釉机             automatic electrostatic spray equipment
机械手施釉机               robot spraying unit
 
 
5. 烧成机械与设备
明焰窑                     open flame kiln
隔焰窑                     muffle kiln
隧道窑                     tunnel kiln
一次烧成窑                 first fire kiln
装配式隧道窑               modular tunnel kiln
重烧窑                     refire kiln
梭式窑                     shuttle kiln
间歇窑                     intermittent kiln
窑车                       car
托车                       transfer car
顶车机                     pusher
烧嘴                       burner
高速烧嘴                   high velocity burner
排气风机                   exhaust fan
助燃风机                   combustion air fan
冷却风机                   cooling air fan
鼓冷风机                   contravec blower
气动抛光/研磨工具           air operated polishing/grinding tool
薄膜收缩包装设备           shrink film wrapping equipment
 
 
6.实验设备
盘磨机                     disc mill
罐型滚磨                   roller jar mill
湿度测试仪                 moisture determination balance
抗弯强度测试仪             bending strength tester
膨胀仪                     dilatometer
热膨胀仪                   thermal expansion apparatus
万能扭力粘度计             universal torsion viscometer
测温锥                     pyrometric cone
布勒环                     Buller’s ring
布勒规                     Buller’s ring gauge
高压釜                     autoclave
油料厚度测试器             dial gauge glaze thickness tester
电动测试窑                 electric test kiln
热梯度炉                   thermal gradient kiln
燃气实验窑                 gas fired test kiln
泥土湿度计                 soil hydrometer
氧气分析器                 oxygen analyzer
燃烧分析器                 combustion analyzer
二氧化碳气体分析器         C O2 gas analyzer
光学高温计                 optical pyrometer
单环辐射热板               single ring radiant hot plate
风机对流干燥炉             fan convection drying oven
坐便器水力测试仪           water closet hydro test unit